Viewed from the South towards the main entrance.The grounds and building were a gift from Queen Anne to the 1st Duke of Marlborough for being the Brains behind the battle of Blenheim (Germany) which kicked the butt of Louie XIV back to France and prevented him from trying to annex most of Europe! (about 1705) A big gift for a big Hero!
Here you can see my husband trudging up the hill past the column. It's a bit out of scale 'cause I used the zoom. But it's actually about a mile from Palace to column! The 4 sides of the base of the column are inscribed with a lengthy account of the Battle and the Queen's grateful endowment of the lands to the Duke.
Close to the Palace are some more formal Italianate gardens with lots of wonderful sculptures, fountains and more formal planting.
This is one of 2 sphinx (the other is directly across from this one) The head is not the standard sphinx but a likeness of Consuelo Vanderbilt the 9th Duke's first wife. Consuelo was one of many wealthy American heiresses who married poor English landed gentry around the turn of the last century. The Rich Americans were enamoured with the European aristocracy and they considered it a fair trade; their fortunes to prop-up financially impoverished estates in exchange for Titles and social standing! Winston Churchill's mother was also an American heiress. I think the sphinx were installed by the Duke after his divorce with Consuelo!
The interior is built on a very grand scale as you would expect from the exterior.
The decorations and art work are also very elegant. A great deal of the art work is based around portraits of all the dukes and their family members who have lived in the Palace over the past 300 years. There are also a series of priceless Tapestries that were made under the direction of the 1st duke illustrating the Battle of Blenheim.
I always thought I lived in a pretty big house (3000sq. ft. +/-) You could probably fit 2 or 3 of my house in this one room (just to give you an idea of HOW big these spaces are! It's not just sq. footage but also volume. This room is 3 stories high, by todays standards!
And what country estate is complete without it's own chapel!A lot of Famous people have come and gone around Blenheim over the past 300 years but none more notable than Winston Churchill. He was born here and spent much of his childhood here but being the son of a second son he was not likely to inherit the estate.
Since Winston was not in the direct line to inherit he was buried here in the village churchyard, a short distance from the Palace.
A humble resting place for such an extraordinary man!
I think I might have retained more of my school history lessons if I'd been able to learn this way! It was an amazing and fun visiting Blenheim Palace!